Everything starts in the pressing hall. When a knife is constructed, we select the steel that best matches what the knife will be used for; carbon steel, stainless steel or laminated steel. The steel we use for the knife blades arrives at our factory as large rolls, apart from the laminated steel that comes as pre-cut lengths. In the pressing hall we then punch out the material that will eventually become knife blades. Two knife blades a second are made in the pressing hall. That adds up to a huge 7,000 blades an hour! The power in the press is 120 tons.
The steel is treated to make it harder, tougher and increase edge resiliency. We use two different hardening furnaces: one for stainless steel and one for carbon steel. The actual hardening process is a company secret, as that’s the factor which gives our knives the steel’s unique qualities – such as sharpness, strength and flexibility.
The blade gets its final shape during grinding – spine, side and edge grinding. The characteristics of the final knife determine how we grind the different knife models. Every year we grind more than 3 million knives, and more than 90% of these are ground in an automated facility.
The blade gets its final finish during polishing. First, each blade gets a basic polishing before the final glossing gives the knife blade its shiny surface. After polishing, the blades are razor sharp so they have to be handled extremely carefully through the rest of the process. We check and document the sharpness continuously to guarantee that every Morakniv is super sharp. Our polishing machines polish more than 10,000 knives every day.
The handles are made both manually and automatically through injection molding. The sheaths are also injection molded. Liquid material is heated to over 200°C and is then injected into a mold where it cools down and sets.
All knives with a wooden handle are assembled by hand – just like when we started in 1891. The classic red knife gets its handle here; as do our woodwork knives, hoof knives, and the popular kitchen knives in the Classic 1891 range. Hand-assembled knives make up about 10% of our production. The handle is mostly glued to the knife blade, but in some cases it is clamped in.
In our automated production units, “Egglund” and “Gabriel”, several of our handicraft and outdoor knives are managed. The handle is made of different polymers that give it a hard core covered by a soft friction grip. The result is a robust knife that sits both safely and comfortably in your hand. The maximum capacity is 980 knives per hour.
Our packaging is designed and constructed in line with our customers’ requirements and we work with everything from store and gift packages to multipacks and display stands. Once the knives are packed, they are warehoused while awaiting delivery. This requires careful planning. Our most popular knives are placed strategically so they can quickly be fetched when a customer places an order. We do all we can to improve our service and our ability to deliver on time.
We are growing rapidly and 65% of our knives are exported. We send Swedish knives from our factory in Mora to more than 55 countries around the world.